Home / PENDEKATAN DASH Diet (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN TEKANAN DARAH PADA PASIEN HIPERTENSI

PENDEKATAN DASH Diet (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN TEKANAN DARAH PADA PASIEN HIPERTENSI

Sugianto Hadi, Endang Widajati.
Alamat Korespondensi :
Poltekkes Kemenkes Malang Jl. Besar Ijen No. 77C Malang, sugianto_ppk07@yahoo.com
ABSTRACT

In Indonesia, based on a reference from Installation Nutrition Hospital Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo and Dietisien Association of Indonesia, the diet given to patients with hypertension is a Low Salt Diet, adjusted for the least severe hypertension, while abroad, today introduced the DASH diet (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension). This diet
essentially manage your diet by reducing sodium and eating lots of fruits, vegetables, cereals, grains, and low-fat dairy products. DASH diet limiting salt intake of 1500 mg/day of average ordinary foods that contain 2800-6000 mg sodium/day. The sample of 10 respondents who were divided into 2 groups: DASH Diet and Low-salt diet group
given their respective diets for 7 days in a row . Blood pressure was measured at the beginning of the respondents and data collection during the study (7 days) to determine changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure using standard tensimeter. Knowledge of good nutrition in the DASH diet and low salt diet group was relatively the same, namely 40% of respondents included in the “Good” category. Meanwhile, most fall into the category “Enough” to “Less”. Good nutritional status on the DASH diet group or a group of Low-salt diet is relatively the same which is 60% of respondents included in the “Normal” category. Meanwhile, 40% included in the Overweight category. Consumption of potassium, fiber DASH diet group on average higher than Low-salt diet group. Sodium and Cholesterol Consumption in the DASH Diet and Low-Salt Diet groups are relatively similar. Decrease in blood pressure are higher on the DASH diet group, namely for systolic pressure by 30 mmHg and a diastolic pressure of 16 mmHg, whereas for Lowsalt diet only provides a decrease in systolic blood pressure by 8 mmHg and a diastolic
pressure of 10 mmHg. However, from the statistical analysis, there were no differences in systolic and diastolic blood pressure were significantly between the groups and group DASH Diet Low Salt Diet after diet. Further statistical analysis, there are differences insystolic and diastolic blood pressure were significantly before and after the diet in the
DASH diet group, while in the group of Low-salt diet showed no differences in systolic and diastolic blood pressure were significantly before and after the diet.
Keywords : DASH Diet, low salt diet, blood pressure.