Linda Suwarni, Izkandar Arfan
(Dosen Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak)
Alamat korespondensi :
Nowadays, Adolescents sexual behavior in Indonesia is worried, including in Pontianak, West Kalimantan. Data on adolescents premarital sexual behavior in 2014 (study on junior and senior high school students in Pontianak City) showed that 66% had been kissing, 19,3% touching sensitive area, 7% oral sex, 4% anal sex, and 14.7% sexual intercourse. The aim of this study was to determine the model of premarital sexual initiation in Pontianak (study in adolescents junior and senior high school). The method used quantitative research with cross sectional approach and proportional random sampling. The total number of samples in this study were 300 junior and senior high school students in 6 districts Pontianak. SEM analysis with SMART-PLS software version 2.0 was used for the analysis of the model. These results showed that the model of adolescent premarital sexual initiation was influenced by parental monitoring (8%), attitude (21.1%), intention (41.8%), peers (34.2%), and other factors. Psychological control (49.1%) and parental knowledge about their adolescence (33.2%) had the biggest role in parental monitoring. Parental monitoring can affect the formation of adolescents’ attitudes and subjective norms. Adolescents who perceived high level of parental monitoring tend to have not permissive subjective norm and attitude toward premarital sex, and not conduct premarital sex initiation. Effective and efficient monitoring conducted in adolescents as early as possible, it can be a primary prevention against risky sexual behavior in adolescents. In addition, parental monitoring can also be buffered from negative peers. Parental monitoring as a protective factor againts initiation of premarital sex in early adolescents. Therefore, it is needed effective and efficient interventions in improving the skills of parents in monitoring their adolescents through knowledge of their children, a good adolescent-parent relationships, open communication between parent-adolescent (including about sexuality), adolescent psychological control (expressed rules, parental expectations, and limits), and behavior control.
Keywords: Premarital Sexual Initiation, Parental Monitoring, Subjective Norms,